Educational ICT Virtualisation Specialist

Twitter LinkedIn E-mail
Precedence Technologies Ltd
Technology House, 36a Union Lane
Cambridge, CB4 1QB, United Kingdom
T: +44 (0)8456 446 800 / +44 (0)1223 359900
F: +44 (0)8456 446 899 / +44 (0)1223 359459

Jump To: Support > KB > Citrix > XenServer > UpgradeManual

Manual rolling pool upgrade

Usually, doing an automated rolling pool upgrade is the easiest way to upgrade your XenServer pool(s). This is done by using a central installation on the network (NFS, FTP or HTTP). Under some circumstances, you may need to do a manual upgrade where you boot each host into the upgrader one at a time. Reasons why you might need to do this:

  • You don't have the network infrastructure to host a central installation repository (easy with NetManager, tougher on a Windows-only network)
  • You have VMs using local storage that cannot be migrated and that you need to keep running for as long as possible (automated upgrade would suspend them). Examples are worker VMs for VDI that have write caches on local disks.
  • You have VMs that are not virtualisation aware so cannot be live-migrated


  1. Within XenCenter, pick Rolling Pool Upgrade... from the Tools menu
  2. Read the warning and click Next >
  3. Tick the box next to your XenServer pool and click Next >
  4. Select Manual Mode - manual upgrade from CD-ROM or PXE and click Run Prechecks:
  5. If all checks are OK, click Next >
  6. The upgrade plan will be displayed showing which servers will be upgraded and in what order. Click Next >
  7. The upgrade process will start and when a server needs rebooting, a window will be displayed asking for you to prepare it (e.g. by ensuring the XenServer CD is in). Take careful note of which server it is going to reboot, it might not be in the order you expect!:
  8. Go to the server console to run through the manual upgrade process:
    1. Boot from the right location (e.g. CD) which may require a key to be pressed as the machine starts up
    2. As the CD boot starts, you may see a prompt saying The boot sections on your bootable CD-ROM are: 0. DEFAULT. If so, just hit Return and wait for it to boot
    3. Pick [qwerty] uk on Select keymap screen
    4. Pick Ok on Welcome to XenServer Setup
    5. Wait while Checking for existing products... is displayed
    6. Pick Accept EULA
    7. Check that Upgrade XenServer option is present on menu. If you only see Perform clean installation and Restore Backup, do NOT proceed. Similarly, if you see a screen saying Only product installations that cannot be upgraded have been detected, you should NOT proceed without further guidance.
    8. Pick Upgrade XenServer X.x.x-xxxxxx (the old version number will be displayed at the end)
    9. Select Continue when prompted to create backup
    10. If booted from CDROM, select Local media and select Ok
    11. Pick Verify installation source and select Ok; it takes a bit longer, but means that a faulty CDROM or DVD drive won't break the upgrade
    12. Pick Ok if no faults were found
    13. Pick Install XenServer and wait for installation to complete
    14. When asked if you want to install supplemental packs, select No
    15. Pick Ok on Installation complete screen to reboot
  9. You may then return to XenCenter and wait for the newly-upgraded server to reboot and reconnect
  10. Reboot rebooting and updating the servers as prompted
© Copyright Precedence Technologies 1999-2021
Page last modified on February 28, 2017, at 05:34 PM by sborrill